Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions
Le laboratoire, créé en 1969, porte le nom de son fondateur Jacques-Louis Lions. il s'agit maintenant d'une unité de recherche conjointe à l’Université Pierre et Marie Curie, à l’université Paris Diderot et au Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.
Le Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions constitue le plus grand laboratoire de France et l'un des principaux au monde pour la formation et la recherche en mathématiques appliquées.
Il accueille l'activités de deux masters deuxième année ce qui représente un centaine d'étudiants. Ses activités recouvrent l’analyse, la modélisation et le calcul scientifique haute performance de phénomènes représentés par des équations aux dérivées partielles.
Fort d’environ 100 enseignants-chercheurs, chercheurs, ingénieurs, personnels administratifs permanents ou émérites, et d’autant de doctorants ou post-doctorants, il collabore avec le monde économique et avec d'autres domaines scientifiques à travers un large spectre d'applications : dynamique des fluides; physique, mécanique et chimie théoriques; contrôle, optimisation et finance; médecine et biologie; traitement du signal et des données.
Thèmes de recherche
- Equations aux dérivées partielles et équations différentielles
- Contrôle, optimisation, calcul des variations
- Calcul scientifique, simulations numériques
- Applications des mathématiques
[hal-00911298] Numerical blood flow simulation in surgical corrections: what do we need for an accurate analysis ?
Date: 29 nov 2013 - 10:12
Desc: Background: Computational fluid dynamics has been increasingly used in congenital heart surgery to simulate pathophysiological blood flow, investigate surgical options, or design medical devices. Several commercial and research computational or numerical codes have been developed. They present different approaches to numerically solve the blood flow equations, raising the question whether these numerical codes are equally reliable to achieve accurate simulation results. Accordingly, we sought to examine the influence of numerical code selection in several complex congenital cardiac operations. Material and methods: The main steps of blood flow simulations are detailed (geometrical mesh, boundary conditions, and solver numerical methods) for congenital cardiac operations of increasing complexity. The first case tests different numerical solutions against an analytical, or exact, solution. In the second case, the three-dimensional domain is a patient-specific superior cavopulmonary anastomosis. As an analytical solution does not exist in such a complex geometry, different numerical solutions are compared. Finally, a realistic case of a systemic-to-pulmonary shunt is presented with both geometrically and physiologically challenging conditions. For all, solutions from a commercially available code and an open-source research code are compared. Results: In the first case, as the mesh or solver numerical method is refined, the simulation results for both codes converged to the analytical solution. In the second example, velocity differences between the two codes are greater when the resolution of the mesh were lower and less refined. The third case with realistic anatomy reveals that the pulsatile complex flow is very similar for both codes. Conclusions: The precise setup of the numerical cases has more influence on the results than the choice of numerical codes. The need for detailed construction of the numerical model that requires high computational cost depends on the precision needed to answer the biomedical question at hand and should be assessed for each problem on a combination of clinically relevant patient-specific geometry and physiological conditions.
[hal-03972951] Behavioral effect of selective deletion of beta2* nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in neuropeptide Y expressing interneurons
Date: 3 fév 2023 - 18:38
Desc: Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is an abundant neuropeptide in the neocortex involved in numerous processes. NPY-expressing neurons differ in electrophysiological, molecular and morphological properties but overall, they are GABAergic interneurons (GINs). All cortical layers receive cholinergic inputs from the basal forebrain, which are crucial for cognition. Cholinergic receptors are differentially distributed across the cortex and the activation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) located on principal neurons and GINs modulates synaptic plasticity and behavior.
[hal-03903814] A few remarks on thermomechanics
Date: 8 jan 2023 - 19:02
Desc: We develop a global setting for modeling thermo-visco-elastic materials that satisfy the principles of thermodynamics and are properly invariant. This setting encompasses many known solid and fluid models, as well as new models with internal variables that generalize the Maxwell rheological model. Complex fluid models such as the Oldroyd B model are shown to belong to the above general family of models. The specific Oldroyd B model is however found to be seriously lacking in terms of satisfying the second principle of thermodynamics. On the contrary, a second complex fluid model based on the Zaremba-Jaumann derivative is shown to satisfy the second principle of thermodynamics.
[hal-00536574] Parallel-in-time molecular-dynamics simulations
Date: 5 aoû 2022 - 13:58
Desc: While there have been many progress in the field of multiscale simulations in the space domain, in particular, due to efficient parallelization techniques, much less is known in the way to perform similar approaches in the time domain. In this paper we show on two examples that, provided we can describe in a rough but still accurate way the system under consideration, it is indeed possible to parallelize molecular dynamics simulations in time by using the recently introduced pararealalgorithm. The technique is most useful for ab initio simulations.
[hal-00339613] SAPHIR: a physiome core model of body fluid homeostasis and blood pressure regulation
Date: 21 juin 2022 - 17:56
Desc: We present the current state of the development of the SAPHIR project (a Systems Approach for PHysiological Integration of Renal, cardiac and respiratory function). The aim is to provide an open-source multi-resolution modelling environment that will permit, at a practical level, a plug-and-play construction of integrated systems models using lumped-parameter components at the organ/tissue level while also allowing focus on cellular- or molecular-level detailed sub-models embedded in the larger core model. Thus, an in silico exploration of gene-to-organ-to-organism scenarios will be possible, while keeping computation time manageable. As a first prototype implementation in this environment, we describe a core model of human physiology targeting the short- and long-term regulation of blood pressure, body fluids and homeostasis of the major solutes. In tandem with the development of the core models, the project involves database implementation and ontology development.